WWBridge overview of the main requirements for telecommunication products (FAC) and Radio-Frequency means (RF), procedures, approval documents and lead timing.
Radio and telecommunication devices are the most fast-growing imported products nowadays. Such products usually require several approval documents from different government certification authorities in order to be successfully imported to Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Armenia, Ukraine, and other CIS countries.
The telecommunication products can be considered as various entities:
Here we should refer to the main regulative documents in the branch of certification of electronic devices.
These documents are the following:
These legal acts are valid at the whole territory of Eurasian Economic Union - EAEU (former Customs union - CU). After the certification process is completed the EAC mark can be applied to the product.
For more information please apply to the articles regarding TRs CU LVD, EMC and TR EAEU ROHS.
The devices that can be connected to the Public Telecom Network (PTN) must be certified in accordance with the requirements of Federal Agency of Communication (FAC) described in Telecom Law #126 -FL dated on July, 2003.
That is, these are the products that use Bluetooth (BT), Wi-Fi, wired Ethernet connection, GPS and LTE data transmission technologies. But here we should note that the main determining characteristic is the opportunity to be connected to the PTN. For example, some wireless BT headphones can be connected only to the music home-station or to the music player in a car (in other words - to the systems located nearby) so these products can be classified as the ones with no PTN access.
In this case, Telecom approval is not required.
Generally, the Telecom approval assumes two possible forms: Telecom (FAC) Declaration or Telecom (FAC) Certificate of conformity.
For more information please apply to the article regarding Telecom (FAC) DoC and CoC.
Most radio and telecommunication devices have encryption capabilities. Here in the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) such products should have special approval from Federal Security Services (FSS or FSB). The FSS Notification should be issued in order to import such products to EAEU countries.
FSS highlighted the List of products that must be approved through FSS Notification in case of confirmed encryption facilities (article 2.19 of the «Non-tariff regulated product list»):
The FSS Notification can be issued for 5 years or longer. The process is described in the article “The FSS Notification (Encryption approval)”.
IT industry products usually transfer data using wireless technologies. So they need to use a certain frequency band for this purpose. Some radio devices can be freely imported (with no radio approval). Mostly these products are:
It is relevant for all EAEU countries. But there might be some exceptions for certain products.
If the applied product uses another radio-frequency band and has a higher transmitting capacity, radio approval must be obtained. The radio approval system is not harmonized in the EAEU countries that mean that each destination country can be its own requirements and approval form. For example, in Russia sphere is regulated by Radio-Frequency Center (RFC) which issues the RFC Conclusion for radio products that allowed for import to the territory of the Russian Federation.
RFC conclusion has unlimited validity and can be finalized only after tests of the sample in the RFC.
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